Kodiak Bear

(Ursus arctos middendorffi)

By Henry McGowan



Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Animal


kodiak_bear_2.jpg

Where is the Kodiak Bear found?

Kodiak Bears are only found in the state of Alaska, specifically in the Kodiak Archipelago islands. They have also been spotted in the islands that are near the Kodiak Archipelago islands, which include the Afognak and Shuyak islands. In Alaska, Kodiak Bear's usually stick together in large groups near feeding areas, and return to the same fishing area every summer.

What are the physical characteristics of the Kodiak Bear?

Kodiak Bears are the largest species of brown bear in the entire world; they can grow up to 10.5 feet and usually weigh around 900 pounds. The Kodiak bear has a large, fluffy, brown coat which they have in order to stay warm. Kodiak Bear's also have humps on both of their shoulder which is actually a mass of muscle. They use this muscle for digging and use incredible force when striking something. The Kodiak Bear's physical characteristics are most similar to the the Kamchatka Brown Bear, which is found in the Eastern areas of Russia.


What do Kodiak Bears eat?

Although the Kodiak Bear's size may make one think that the Kodiak bear feeds on other animals in the coniferous forest like, Moose, Deer, etc, the Kodiak Bear's diet consists of berries, plants and Coho Salmon; the Coho Salmon are typically found in rivers in Alaska. Kodiak Bears usually hang out in the same feeding areas every year, and return to the same rivers to hunt for salmon every summer. The Kodiak Bear is able to eat up to 90lbs of food in a single day especially around the time leading up to hibernation.

How can Kodiak Bears adapt to their environment?

-Can swim against strong currents to catch fish
-Has lots of fur to stay warm while hibernating during cold winters in Kodiak Islands.



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Bibliography

1. Elman, Robert. The Bear Plant for all species of Bear. Kodiak Bear. Retrieved September 24 2008 from
http://www.bearplanet.org/kodiakbear.shtml
2. Kodiak Bear Facts. Retrieved September 24th 2008 from

http://kodiakbear.net/
3. Grzimek, Bernhard, ed. Grzimek's Amimal Life Encyclopedia. Retrieved from September 26 2008 from
http://lsb.syr.edu/projects/cyberzoo/kodiakbear.html